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Inventory of honey bee forage

On the Island of Newfoundland

This page is a work in progress. This is a photo inventory of plant species that honey bees have been seen foraging upon on the Island of Newfoundland. 

If you have a photo of a honey bee foraging for nectar, pollen, or propolis, please submit it to Peter Armitage - parmitage at nl dot rogers dot com.  Also, please report errors of identification, etc. to Armitage.

We don't need a zillion photos of each forage species.  However, good quality photos are in order.  If there's a better one available than what's already on the website, we'll replace the inferior one.

Criteria for photo selection include:

1. honey bee must be visible on or near the forage species (proof)
2. clear image
3. image file size <2 mb
4. common and scientific names of forage species provided
5. date and time that the photo was taken provided
6. location that the photo was taken
7. domesticated or "wild" forage species
8. enough of the plant in the photo to facilitate identification (stem, leaves, flower).

IMPORTANT!!! Some of these are highly invasive species and should not be spread to your forage areas, even if they are superb nectar and pollen sources.

Updated 24 May 2018

 


 Wild plant species

Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 6 Aug. 2015, 12:39 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

American Eyebright (Euphrasia americana Wettst.) - K. Dooley, Heart's Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, 4 Sept. 2016, 11:59 am

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Black Knapweed (Centaurea nigra) - P. Armitage, Angels Cove, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 23 August 2017, 4:53

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Black spruce (Picea mariana) – A. Martin, Conception Bay South, Newfoundland, 21 May 2018, 11:18 am

Photo courtesy Alex MartinPhoto courtesy Alex Martin

 

Bog Aster (Oclemena nemoralis)P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 17 Sept. 2016, 4:58 pm 

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 5 September 2015, 11:52 am  

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Butter-and-eggs (Linaria vulgaris) - G. Smith, Freshwater, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 9 September 2015, 9:11 am 

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith

 

Buttercup (Ranunculus sp.) - G. Smith, Freshwater, Newfoundland, 17 June 2016, 2:34 pm

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith

 

Chuckley-pears (Amelanchier spp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 12 June 2017, 3:26 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara L.) - M. Paterson, Upper Amherst Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 7 May 2015, 12:58 pm

Photo courtesy Mike PatersonPhoto courtesy Mike Paterson

 

Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber) - G. Smith, Freshwater, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 10 June 2015, 9:00 am  

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith

 

Common Heather (Calluna vulgaris) - D. Price, Whitbourne, Newfoundland

Photo courtesy Dan PricePhoto courtesy Dan Price

 

Cow Vetch (Vicia cracca L.)  - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 12:34 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Dogberry (American Mountain-ash) (Sorbus americana) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 3 July 2017, 11:37 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 12:31 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Himalayan Balsam, Jewelweed (Impatiens glandulifera) – G. Smith, O’Brien Farm, St. John’s, Newfoundland, 29 Sept. 2015 

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith  

Lance-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago graminifolia, Euthamia graminifolia) - K. Dooley, Heart's Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, 17 Aug. 2016, 4:20 pm

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley 

Lupin (Lupinus sp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 8 July 2016, 1:28 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 5 Sept. 2016, 3:19 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Mountain Alder (Alnus crispa) – A. Martin, Conception Bay South, Newfoundland, 3 June 2017, 1:45 pm

Photo courtesy Alex G. MartinPhoto courtesy Alex G. Martin

 

 Mouse-ear Hawkweed (Hieracium pilosella) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 3 July 2017, 11:17 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Northern Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera) - P. Armitage, Lethbridge, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 21July 2017, 2:38 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Ox-eye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgar) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 12:18 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 22 Aug. 2015, 2:20 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Pussy Willow (Salix discolor) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 14 May 2016, 2:34 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Red Elderberry (Sambucus pubens Michx. Caprifoliaceae) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 16 June 2017, 3:45 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota) - G. Smith, Freshwater, Newfoundland, 23 June 2016, 2:54 pm

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith

 

Red Maple (Acer rubrum) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 14 May 2016, 5:54 pm 

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

  

Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus Sericea) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 3 Sept. 2016,9:26 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

Rough-stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) - - D. Klemola, Murry's Meadow Farm,  Newfoundland, 28 Aug. 2016, ~12:00 pm

Photo courtesy Dean KlemolaPhoto courtesy Dean Klemola

 

Sheep Laurel (Kalmia angustifolia) - C. Reid, Springdale, Newfoundland, 22 July 2017

Photo courtesy Cody ReidPhoto courtesy Cody Reid

 

Speckled Alder (Alnus rugosa) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 24 April 2017, 4:28 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Sweetgale, Bog-myrtle (Myrica gale) - P. Dinn, Adelaide's Honey Bee, Pollinator and Wildflower Reserve, Goulds, Newfoundland, 30 Apr. 2018, 1:30 pm

Photo courtesy Paul DinnPhoto courtesy Paul Dinn 

Tansy Ragwort (Jacobaea vulgaris) - D. Klemola, Murry's Meadow Farm,  Newfoundland, 28 Aug. 2016, ~12:00 pm

Photo courtesy Dean KlemolaPhoto courtesy Dean Klemola

 

 Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginana) - K. Dooley, Heart's Concent, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, 19 June 2017, 2:26 pm

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 12:24 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Yellow Hawkweed (Hieracium pratense) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 12:09 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

  Yellow Hop Clover (Trifolium agrarium) - K. Dooley, Heart's Concent, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, 23 July 2017, 12:58 pm

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

  

Domesticated plants

Apple (Malus domestica) (cultivar?) - M. Paterson, Upper Amherst Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 18 June 2015, 1:17 pm

Photo courtesy Mike PatersonPhoto courtesy Mike Paterson

 

Astro Arrugula (Eruca sativa) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 29 July 2015, 11:46 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage 

Autumn Joy (Sedum spp.) (Hylotelephium 'Herbstfreude') - K. Dooley, Heart's Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, 21 Sept. 2016, 3:46 pm

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Bachelors Buttons (Cornflower) (Centaurea cyanus) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 21 Sept. 2016, 4:51 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Birds-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) - D. Klemola, near Health Science Centre, St. John's, Newfoundland, 31 Aug. 2016, ~11:00 am

Photo courtesy Dean KlemolaPhoto courtesy Dean Klemola

 

Blackberry (Rubus canadensis L.) - K. Dooley, Burnt Cove, Southern Shore, Newfoundland, 2 August 2015, 5:32 pm

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley
 

Blazing Star (Liatris spicata) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 4 Sept. 2016, 6:07 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Borage  (Starflower) (Borago officinalis) - K. Dooley, Heart's Content, Newfoundland, 1 Oct. 2016, 9:03 am

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 13 Oct. 2016, 1:42 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Calendula (Marigold) (Calendula spp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 Sept. 2016, 2:45 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 8 July 2016, 4:30 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum L.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 20 August 2016, 1:22 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) - D. Klemola, Murray Meadow Farm, Newfoundland, 28 Aug. 2016, ~12:00 am

Photo courtesy Dean KlemolaPhoto courtesy Dean Klemola

 

Coneflower  (Aster spp.) - K. Dooley, Heart's Content, Newfoundland, 1 Oct. 2016, 9:14 am 

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Crocus (Crocus sativus L.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 12 April 2016, 1:10 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 27 Sept. 2016, 1:02 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Globe Thistle (Echinops ritro) - K. Dooley, Carbonear, Conception Bay North, Newfoundland, 19 September 2017, 9:35 am

Photo courtesy Kim DooleyPhoto courtesy Kim Dooley

 

Haskap (Lonicera caerulea- G. Smith, Freshwater, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 24 May 2016, 2:30 pm 

Photo courtesy Gerard SmithPhoto courtesy Gerard Smith

 

Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) - M. Paterson, Upper Amherst Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 June 2015, 8:47 am

Photo courtesy Mike PatersonPhoto courtesy Mike Paterson

 

 Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 August 2016, 11:15 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) - M. Paterson, Upper Amherst Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 June 2015, 8:38 am

Photo courtesy Mike PatersonPhoto courtesy Mike Paterson

 

Mustard, Ruby Streaks Organic (Brassica spp.) -  P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 20 August 2016, 1:27 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) -  P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 12 August 2017, 2:07 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Purple Tansy (Phacelia tanacetifolia) -  P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 27 July 2016, 12:59 pm 

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Sea Holly (Eryngium maritimum) -  P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 20 August 2016, 2:22 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Sunflower (Helianthus spp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 August 2016, 11:23 am 

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

Sweet Corn (Zea mays convar. saccharata var. rugosa) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 3 September 2016, 9:26 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 5 September 2015, 11:15 am

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 White Clover (Trifolium repens) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 6 August 2015, 12:40 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

White Rose (Rosa spp.) - P. Armitage, Portland, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 6 August 2015, 2:37 pm

Photo courtesy Peter ArmitagePhoto courtesy Peter Armitage

 

 Woad (Isatis tinctoria) - M. Paterson, Upper Amherst Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, 28 June 2015, 8:49 am

Photo courtesy Mike PatersonPhoto courtesy Mike Paterson